Ideal soils and climate for Carmenere.
Carmenere takes longer than other varieties to reach its ideal ripeness. Sometimes ripe tannins and sweet berries give the impression that grapes are ready for harvest; however it is Carmenere’s aromas the ones that determine the precise moment for harvesting.
This variety has demanding growing requirements. It prefers balanced soils, not too poor or too rich, enabling it to evolve slowly. Soils should be silt-clay with medium water retention, as water must be controlled until just before harvest so the fruit does not lose the variety’s distinctive qualities.
Ideal growing conditions for Carmenere occur in very warm environments. In cold climates, this variety is prone to coulure (failure of grapes to develop).
Harvest is usually during May. In France, rains during the harvest season prevent proper berry ripening. In central Chile, however, summer heat and an almost total absence of rain in autumn are ideal conditions for cultivation of this variety.